What are dental bridges?
Dental bridges serve to close gaps between teeth and to restore the functionality and aesthetics of the lost tooth. In our dental practice Seehofer we usually recommend dental bridges only if the neighbouring teeth, which are to serve as bridge pillars, have already been root canal treated or treated with fillings.
In the case of completely healthy neighbouring teeth, we generally recommend the insertion of a dental implant, as the abutment teeth must be ground down and prepared accordingly before a bridge is attached. With a dental implant, adjacent teeth are not affected and are particularly convincing due to their aesthetics and durability.
Dental bridges - preparation and treatment procedure
If you have decided to place a bridge, the neighbouring teeth are ground and prepared for the insertion of the bridge. In order to determine the current tooth situation, either an impression can be taken with a plastic impression material or a digital impression can be made with the help of a 3D scanner. This method replaces the conventional tooth impression and is much more comfortable for the patient.
Now the tooth shade for the bridge is determined. In a second appointment, the so-called framework try-in takes place, which ensures that the bridge fits perfectly and does not cause a feeling of tension. In another appointment, the bridge and the crowns are placed on the abutment teeth, inserted and glued in place. When inserting the bridge, care must be taken to ensure a precise fit - with respect to the abutment teeth and the adjacent teeth.
Dental bridges - types
Dental bridges are available in different designs and are individually made to the needs of the patient. Basically, a distinction is made between free end bridges, adhesive bridges and inlay bridges.
The so-called base bridge is the standard treatment for a lost tooth. The bridge element (the tooth to be replaced) rests on the jaw ridge.
A free-end bridge is a bridge that is only connected to another tooth on one side. This type of dental bridge is needed when the last or the last cheek teeth are missing.
The so-called adhesive bridge is used exclusively in the area of the front teeth. If a dental implant to replace the lost front tooth is not a suitable solution for the patient, the adhesive bridge is fixed between the adjacent teeth with the help of thin metal or ceramic plates.
The so-called inlay bridge is not anchored to the adjacent teeth with the help of a crown, but with an inlay. Inlay bridges have the advantage that the abutment teeth do not have to be ground down.
Dental bridges - durability
A professionally used dental bridge usually has a particularly long life span and can last up to 20 years. Among other things, durability depends on care and thorough, regular cleaning.