Cystectomy - treatment procedure
A cyst is a fluid-filled cavity in tissue or bone. To remove a jaw cyst, the bone is opened at the appropriate location and the cyst is surgically removed completely. If larger cavities develop after the removal, these usually have to be filled with special bone replacement material.
We usually perform a cystectomy in our dental practice Seehofer under local anaesthesia and on an outpatient basis. This allows you to recover at home in peace and tranquillity after the procedure.
Since the trigger for a cyst is usually bacteria from the root canals of dead teeth, the potential source of the cyst is also treated. This may require an apicoectomy of the root tip of the tooth causing the cyst or, in exceptional cases, tooth extraction. In order to make sure that there is no tumour behind the removed cyst, the cyst tissue is examined in our laboratory.
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Cystectomy - pain and anaesthesia
Depending on the severity of the cyst, we perform a removal under local anesthesia or twilight sleep. Patients who are very sensitive to pain or patients with dental anxiety are usually recommended sedation, which makes them unaware of the procedure. Due to the individually adjusted anaesthesia, the patient will not feel anything from the procedure and therefore need not fear any pain. In the case of particularly large cysts, light painkillers can be taken after consultation with our dentists in order to be able to reduce the pain after the procedure.
Mouth and jaw cysts - types and causes
A distinction is made between radicular cysts, which are caused by bacteria from a dead tooth, and follicular cysts, which are caused by a developmental disorder of a tooth. Cysts grow very slowly and often remain undetected for a long time, as they initially do not cause any symptoms. Jaw cysts are usually discovered by x-rays of the jaw bone. Typical triggers for the development of a cyst in the oral cavity are an inflamed tooth root, retained or partially retained teeth and injuries to the gums.
Oral and jaw cyst - symptoms
Since cysts grow very slowly, they only trigger noticeable symptoms after a certain time. Often patients then feel an unpleasant pressure at the corresponding site. In advanced stages, the size of the cyst can make swellings in the mouth and cheek area visible. Severe pain can be caused by a bacterial infection.
removing cysts - healing time
Depending on the size of the removed cyst, the healing process may take several weeks or even months. We would be happy to provide you with more detailed information on your individual case at our Seehofer Dental Practice.