When must wisdom teeth be removed?
Removal of the wisdom teeth is not always necessary. In most cases, though, they cause an unpleasant feeling of pressure, pain and inflammation of the mucous membrane, bones and neighbouring teeth. Therefore, prophylactic wisdom tooth surgery is often recommended to prevent these problems.
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Removing wisdom teeth - procedure and duration
The exact procedure of a wisdom tooth removal is determined by the individual initial position of the teeth. The decisive factor is whether the wisdom tooth is still hidden under the gums or is already half or completely visible on the surface. In order to be able to determine the exact position of the teeth, the preparation of an X-ray is therefore an important part when planning the procedure.
If the wisdom tooth is still under the gum, it is carefully exposed. Special dental surgical instruments are used to lever the tooth out of the jawbone until it can be extracted without any problems. If the tooth is covered by bone substance, this must be removed in the first stage so that the tooth can then be extracted. If the roots of the wisdom tooth are crooked, it is usually more sensible to divide the tooth and then remove it piece by piece. After the extraction of the wisdom tooth, the gum is closed with stitches in a last step
The duration of treatment depends on the position and alignment of the wisdom teeth, but is usually only a few minutes per tooth. After the wisdom tooth surgery it takes about 2-3 days until you are socially acceptable again. In a further appointment after about 7 days the stitches are removed.
Wisdom teeth removal - risks, pain and anesthesia
In our dental practice Seehofer in downtown Munich we offer wisdom tooth removal under local anaesthesia or twilight sleep, depending on the patient's initial situation and pain sensation. For patients with dental anxiety, a general anaesthetic can also be considered if the patient wishes.